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Peak Climbing in Nepal


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Shiva ParbatiShivaParbatiShiva Linga Nandi Prabat Kailash Puja Zuthulphuk kailash Dormala Pass Ganesh Kunda Dirapuk Ayarabat Kailash Yama Dwar

Kailash Introduction

Introduction of Kailash in Tibet
Tibet, an autonomous region of China is located on the Tibetan plateau in Asia entitled as “the roof of the world’ with an average elevation of 4,900 meters (16000ft). Before 1950s Tibet was largely isolated from the rest of the world as a self governed independent state and at other times it has had various levels of incorporation with People’s Republic of China. For centuries Tibet had a Theocratic Government lead by the religious leaders like Buddhist Lama or Monks. Its unique cultural and religious community marked by the Tibetan language and Tibetan Buddhism was one of its important feature. Till 1959 Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader was in the throne but during that period Tibetan rebellion surrounded the residence of Lama thus, he fled to India. Tibetan revolted against Chinese control in the region. However China took full control over Tibet and replaced the Theocracy with a communist administration in 1965A.D.

The dominant religion of Tibet is Bonpo or Tibetan Buddhism while Tibetan Muslim and Tibetan Christian are in minorities. It is the home land to the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups namely, Monpa, Qiang and Lhoba, Han Chinese and Hui people.

Tibet covers a large area of 1,222,000 sq. kilometers with over 800 settlements. Lhasa is the administrative capital of Tibet as well as the largest city consisting of numerous historical sites and architecture Like, Potala Palace, Norbulingka, Jokhang Temple, Sera Monastery etc. In the southern part of Tibet the world’s tallest summits are located which are the major source to the longest rivers like, Brahmaputra, Indus, Ganges, Sutlej, Salween, Mekong, Yarlung Tsangpo etc. Thus it is also called as the “Water Tower” of Asia. The atmosphere of Tibet is severely dry and cold. Mountain and plateaus regions are especially cold, strong wind blows almost in entire year. The day temperature of Tibet is not constant as it keeps on varying from 5 degree before sunrise to 25 degree by the mid day.

Mount Kailash (6714meters) situated in the western part of Tibet has been considered as the most sacred Mountain by Hindus, Buddhist, Jains and Bompons (indigenous Tibetan religion). It is often called as “Kang Rimpoche” or “Asthapada” or “Sumeru Parvat”. Thousands of devotees come to circumambulate Mount Kailash with a belief to obtain blessings from gods and goddesses.

Despite of the high altitude sickness, extreme temperature and rough terrain pilgrims accept the arduous pilgrimage of a week, couple of weeks or a month with their faith on the existence of divinity in the Kailash region. Your holy tour can be more pleasant and smoother with our best service. Monterosa heartily welcomes you to join our trip every year.

Introduction of Tibet
A province-level distractive region of China, Tibet is located in a high mountain area in the South-Western part. Revising the history of Tibet it has always been an independent and self governed state. People’s Republic of China incorporated Tibet in 1950. The unique Theocratic Government under the leadership of Buddhist Lamas or Monks was a remarkable feature of Tibet before 1950s. In 1959, the 14th Dalai Lama was enthroned as the Tibetan rebellion occur surrounding his residence. After Dalai Lama fled to India, in 1965 A.D, China took full control over Tibet replacing a Theocracy by Communist administration.

Tibet which is often called as “Western China” covers a large area of 1,222,000 sq. kilometers. After a thousand years of vicissitudes Lhasa (5.46 became the administrative capital of Tibet retaining its ancient palace, thick with religious history, its ancient temples, relics and streets .It is the largest city of Tibet. Tibet is the highest plateau on the earth consisting of the Himalayan ranges in its Southern part including the world’s tallest peaks which are also enlisted in top ten peaks. Thus it is also called as “The roof of the World”.

The economy of Tibet is dominated by subsistence agriculture whereas Tourism has become an increasingly important sector. Tibetan Buddhism, Islam, Muslim and Bonpo are the religion found in Tibet.

The Himalayan ranges of Tibet are the mother to the prominent rivers like Brahmaputra, Ganges, Indus, Sutlej, Salween, Mekong, Yarlung Tsangpo etc. Though Tibetans refer their land as “Land of Snows”, the atmosphere is dry and cold with low humidity and fog is practically nonexistent. Temperatures in the higher elevation are much colder but southeast are mild and pleasant. The day climate at Tibet is not constant as it keeps on changing from 5 degree before sunrise to 25 degree by the mid day.

Following the route of Nepal thousands of Hindu religious people from across the globe and neighboring country India come to visit the sacred Kailash Parbat and Mansarovar Lake, situated in the China’s Autonomous Region of Tibet every year.

It is believed that crossing the Kailash Circuit once erases all the sins committed knowingly or unknowingly ever in the life time. Circumambulating Mt. Kailash 108 times means that one directly achieves Nirvana (liberation). There are different mythologies associated with Kailash Parvat which was already legendry before the Hindu epics The Ramayana and The Mahabharata were written. According Hindu scripture, Ramayana, one who takes holy bath in Mansarovar Lake with right intention of mind reaches Bramalok (heaven) whereas drinking the water from Kailash opens the door to Shiva’s abode after death.

Mount Kailash is a snowcapped bulk black peak elevated at 22,000 feet, (6,714 meters) forming part of the Trans-Himalaya in Tibet which has a unique distinction of being the world’s most venerated holy place at the same time that it is the least visited. The supremely sacred site of Hindus, Buddhist, Jains and Bonpo and billions of people, Mount Kailash is ventured by no more than a few thousand pilgrims every year. Before the emergence of Hinduism Jainism or Buddhism, the cosmologies relate Mount Kailash as the mythical Mount Meru, the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes.

Mount Kailash has deep religious and spiritual significance to Hindus as well as Buddhists. It is perhaps believed to be a sacred place of previous era, another civilization which lasted long ago and now forgotten. Hindus believe mount Kailash to be the exclusive abode of lord Shiva: the destroyer of illusion and ignorance and goddess Parvati. To accept the strenuous pilgrimage and have a divine view of Shiva’s dwelling is to obtain the benevolence of fortunate for entire lifetime.

Manasarovar Lake:
Mansarovar, composed of two Sanskrit words “Manas” meaning mind or consciousness and Sarovar meaning Lake is believed to be the Lake of knowledge and wisdom. This lake lying 15 meters below the Holy Mount Kailash is also another pilgrimage destination in the Kailash range. It is not any easy trail to rotate the gigantic lake as it takes almost 3 full days for locals and 5-7 days to adventure lovers for camping to walk around its relatively circled peripheries. We can see eight Buddhist Monasteries and popular is Chiu Gompa Monstery while rounding Mansarovar Lake, which is situated at an altitude of 4580 meters or 15,000 ft. above the sea level. Tracing back the religious significance it is not only important to Hindus but Buddhists also believe that Lord Buddha meditated nearby this lake to attain the enlightenment. The praying and chanting of the monks and high lamas on the shore of the lake inspires the devotees to complete their arduous rotation. One to three rotations is believed to be the way of carving the way towards heaven after death. Even one dip into its cold water is believed, by Hindus, to relinquish the soul and physical body of all its sins, sickness and diseases. The serenity of the spiritual environment compensates the tiredness, anxiety and fear with the reward of satisfaction and peace from within and rest of the world to the pilgrims visiting here. Many others also come to take a bath with the desire to retain youth and vitality. Ultimate Salvation called “Mokshya” is believed to be the reward of the exertion of this holy circumambulation.

Manasarovar Lake:

Rakshes Tal (Lake Monster)
Just west of the Lake Manasarovar and South of Mount Kailash there lies Lake Rakshas Tal (250 sq km). The literal meaning of the Lake is “Lake of the demon” in Sanskrit language. It is also known as “Ravana Tal” where the demon like egoistic king of Lanka is said to have done penance to plead Lord Shiva. The flesh –eating demons of Hindu mythology is believed to lurk beneath its dark waters. It is contrast to sacred Manasarovar. Rakshas Tal is crescent shaped regarded as “Darkness” whereas, Manasarovar is round like Sun regarded as “Brightness”. As the symbol of darkness, hostility and evil forces, this lake is shunned by the pilgrims. According to legend, the water of this lake was poisonous but when once a golden fish from Manasarovar tunneled through a narrow isthmus it let the sacred water flow into it which changes the condition by neutralizing the poison. However Local people say that the water from this lake should never be drunk as it encompasses negative energy. Despite of this pilgrim cannot let themselves move forward inspecting Rakshas Taal because it offers no less of a beauty.

Rakshes Tal (Lake Monster)

Tirthpuri Kailash (Bhasmasur)
Thirthapuri also known as Bhasmasur, is one of the important and spectacular place visit during the Holy Mt. kailash and Sacred Lake Manasarover. There is a very popular and interesting story behind its origin and importance in Hindu mythology, The Purans; also described in Buddhist holy texts as well.

According to Hindu sculptures, once a dupe demon named Bhasmasur performed the hardest and deepest penance (Tapas=self Purification) of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva, Bholenath (easily to make happy God), came in front and ask Bhasmasur that He was happy by his hard penance and told Bhasmasur to ask what he desired. When Bhasmasur saw Lord Shiva, he was too happy to have Darshan (glimpse) of Lord Shiva and ask that he would be full of immense power and with that power he would destroy anyone by putting his hand on its head. And Lord Shiva granted his wish. Once his wish was fulfilled with mighty power, he wanted to test it and since there was nobody he wanted to test it on Lord Shiva immediately. Then Lord Shiva realized the seriousness of the situation, He left that place. Then immediately Lord Vishnu come to know about this bizarre situation and decided to control Bhasmasur. After sometime, Lord Vishnu incarnated himself as a beautiful girl (Mohini) and came in front of Bhasmasur and asked him why he was running after Lord Shiva. And Bhasmasur narrated the whole story and his desire to test his power. Lord Vishnu, as beautiful girl, praised Bhasmasur that person as wise as him should not be involved in such futile act. Bhasmasur liked that lady so much that he forgot all other things. Then Mohini asked Bhasmasur whether he could dance. And Bhasmasur said that he is poor on dancing, and asked the lady to teach him. And then they both were dancing. After a while, as a dancing step, Mohini placed her hand on her head and since Bhasmsur was imitating her, followed the same. Hence Bhasmasur Monster destroyed himself.

For Buddhist all over the world, Tirthapuri is one important religious place, and third major site in Tibet. According to Buddhist myths and legends, famous Buddhist monk Padhmasambhab and many other monks have deep relation with Tirthapuri. Guru Padhmasambhab attained Nirvara (salvation meditation) in the temple located at Tirthapuri. Hence this is one sacred place to all Buddhist as well.

These are the stories behind the origin of the place called Bhasmasur/Thrithpuri which is 70 KM far from Darchen (the base camp of Mt. Kailash), located at western part of Darchen and the purest Sutlej river flows on the left edge of it. It would take almost an hour to visit various sites in Tirthapuri, including a hot water spring. Also there is a custom that the devotee who visit Holy Mt. Kailasha and Sacred Lake Manasarovar, would go to Bhasmasur/Thrithapuri and place some soil as Biguta (Holy Powder) on their forehead as Tika. So, anyone visiting Holy Mt. Kailash and Sacred Lake Manasarovar should explore this unique place.

Tirthpuri Kailash (Bhasmasur)

Khojarnath (Ram,Sita, Laxman) temple - Kailash
In a small frontier village between Taklakot and Hilsa there is an ancient monastery like temple of Shree Ram, goddess Sita and Lakshnman which is called Khojarnath Temple. It has a big golden colored idol of Shree Ram, Goddess Parvati and Lakshman. This temple is believed to have been built in around 7th century. Khojarnath is easily accessible by Helicopter from Simikot-Hilsa as it is only 8 km far from Hilsa. Flight from Kathmandu to Nepalgunja and Nepalgunja to Simikot and connecting with helicopter from Simikot takes us at this spot which is 85km far from Mansarovar Lake.

Khojarnath (Ram,Sita, Laxman) temple - Kailash
Atma Lingam (Base of Mount Kailash)
The sanctum sancrarium Kailasa covered with silvery snow is applauding to be the holy abode of Lord Parama Shiva by many ancient Puranas and Hindu Scriptures. Adorned with Nandi Parvat and Ganapati Mountains there are also great pearls, Dhatus and Herbal medicines in Aruna Mountain on the western side of Kailasa. The Atmalinga of Shiva glows in his heart on the western side of Mount Kailasa. Pushpandanta is the name of the snow which emanates through the path created Ashtapadu from the peak of Kailash forming this Atmalinga. Atmalingam is the source to the holy water of Sailodha River Stream. To receive sanctification in the form of wisdom from Lord Shiva, the Yogis and Saptarishis (the blessed seven saints) will have a holy dip in the sacred water of this Sailodha River. Thus, Hindu culture marked this place as the most spiritual part of Kailash.

Atma Lingam (Base of Mount Kailash)
Astapad (8 steps)
Just in front of Nandi Parvat there lies another Mountain Astapada. Literally, Astapada means Mountain of Eight Steps in Sanskrit language. It is often called as “Ratnamay” (made of gemstones), “Rajatadri”, and “Sfatikachal” (the crystal palace) by the Jains. Astapada has become a spot of peaceful caves for many saints, Rishi’s, Monks to do meditation. We have to walk ten minutes from Serlung Monastery steep up to reach Astapad. It takes 3 hours round trip from Darchen to Asthapada and again return back.

Astapad (8 steps)

Nandi Parbat Kailash
To the south part of Kailash there is Nandi Parvat. Doing Coach drive from Darchen to Serlung Monastery then walking in the trail on the shore of the river flowing through Darchen with Mount Kailas as a source with the beautiful view of Atmalingam, one can complete round trip of Nandi Parvat at around 10 to 12 hours .Our mountain climbing staffs with rope help us to climb steep up to Saptariashi Cave.

Saptrarishi cave situated at an elevation of 5800 meters from the sea level can be said the base camp of Mount Kailash. Climbing 200 meters from the cave, passing hills and descending down there will be other side step down followed by the small river to Serlung Monastery where our coach will be waiting us whole day.

Saptarishi cave to be the meditating cave of great Rishis, Saints, Monks as per Hindu mythologies, only the people with clean soul, right intention of mind and physically fit body are able to pay homage to this sacred spot and do Nandi parikrama.

Monterosa Treks and Expedition provides professional mountain guides, Mask-regulator and Oxygen bottles, climbing ropes, other necessary equipment in case of emergencies and rescues.

Always remember us for the holy tours and travels and take our best services. You are heartily welcome to join us. Guests are god.

Nandi Parbat Kailash

Oxygen and Mask Regulator for Kailash tour
Our Agency Monterosa Treks and Expedition Pvt. Ltd has been facilitating Poise Company’s 3 hole/4 Liters oxygen bottle, made in Russia which is required during Kailash as per the number of travelers. We provide the necessary mask regulators as well. As we move on to the higher altitude from the se level in Kailash, the amount of oxygen gradually decreases which can induce certain illness such as Headache, vomiting, nausea, breathlessness, imbalanced body etc so you must be careful and inform the Nepalese Helpers if required any assistance. Our Nepalese helpers will be there to help you with oxygen.

Oxygen Bottle

Gamow Bag (Life Saving Portable Bag)
There is high possibility of high altitude sickness in the travelers during Kailash Trip as we should travel in the high altitude with less oxygen in the air. Providing oxygen gas immediately is the first option of normal breathing for travelers but if it does not work then the patient should be kept inside the Gyamo Bag letting the air passed according to the instructions written in the bag which fulfills the need of oxygen gas for the patient making him/her relief. Our agency Monterosa Treks and Expedition Pvt. Ltd always manages the Gyamo Bag for our travelers during Kailash Tour. After all we understand how important your life is.

Gamow Bag

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